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Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts Foundation;
Given the impact that social factors have on health status and expenditures, and the shift toward value-based payment models that reward providers based on outcomes, health care organizations (HCO) and community-based organizations (CBO) across the country are increasingly working together to address patients' social needs. In Massachusetts, MassHealth is investing in accountable care organizations and community partners to integrate physical health, behavioral health, and long-term services and supports and also funding certain approved "flexible services" that address health-related social needs that are not otherwise covered as MassHealth benefits. Based on a review of promising HCO-CBO partnership models, this brief outlines characteristics of effective HCO-CBO partnerships and provides recommendations to guide the development of successful collaborations between health care and social service organizations.
Doing Development Differently in Metro Detroit;
Detroit's history of population decline since the 1950s is well documented and generally understood—at least in terms of raw numbers. But, getting a handle on the city's economy and job base at any point in time is less clear. People left Detroit over the last 60 years. But so too did commercial activity. And jobs. Population loss is a more straightforward analysis: it only goes one direction. Economic activity is more dynamic: workers commute in multiple directions, often back and forth across city boundaries every day. As businesses large and small, manufacturing centers, and institutions shifted outside the city, more resources and more jobs were pulled out. Where does Detroit stand from a jobs perspective today?
Launched in 2006, the Skillman Foundation's ten-year, $100 million Good Neighborhoods Initiative succeeded in boosting education and community capacity in six neighborhoods, a comprehensive evaluation by the foundation finds. Based on nine individual evaluations focused on the initiative's efforts to improve school quality, strengthen community and civic leadership, support youth development, and improve safety, the report, Kids Matter Here: An Analytic Review of the 10-Year Good Neighborhoods Initiative, looks at how the initiative evolved through various phases, including community planning (2006-09), readiness and capacity building (2008-11), and implementation (2011-16); what it accomplished; and the lessons it offers. According to the report, the place-based initiative helped create networks of community leaders with improved capacity to influence local conditions on behalf of children; awarded more than eight hundred small grants to community leaders; and helped forge a cross-sector coalition focused on revamping financial and structural elements of Detroit's educational system. Indeed, between 2007 and 2015 high school graduation rates in the six neighborhoods targeted by the initiative increased from 65 percent to 80 percent, a much larger jump than for the city as a whole. Lessons for philanthropy include the importance of combining deep community engagement with investment in broader policy and systems change; recognizing, reinforcing, and renewing cultural values and norms guiding the work; investing in data and outcome measurement; and focusing on creating greater accountability by stakeholders.
This report examines bank lending to businesses in the Detroit and Richmond Regions. The purpose is to determine the extent to which banks are meeting the credit needs of businesses throughout those two regions. The focus of the report is on the smaller value loans under $100,000 that are most likely to support smaller, local businesses that provide employment and wealth-building opportunities for local residents.
This report summarizes the main findings of the recent research, revisiting the reasons why addressing diversity and equity issues in the cultural sector matters more than ever and reviewing six key findings related to national and local patterns of funding distribution, the demographics of people making funding decisions, and the distinct issues facing cultural organizations whose primary artistic mission is to serve communities of color or low-income communities. It concludes with suggestions for how to speed progress toward a more inclusive and equitable system of cultural philanthropy.
The 2017 Detroit Reinvestment Index, funded by The Kresge Foundation, measures perceptions of American cities, particularly the city of Detroit, among both National Business Leaders (N=300) and Detroit Metro-Area Entrepreneurs (N=300). The research was conducted online from December 2 through December 12th, 2016; approximate length of the survey was 15 minutes.
The objectives of the research are to:
* Track National Business Leaders' perceptions of and attitudes towards Detroit as a place to conduct business;
* Uncover strengths and weaknesses of the City of Detroit as perceived by Entrepreneurs who operate in the Detroit Metro-Area;
* Evaluate how National Business Leaders and Detroit Entrepreneurs view Detroit's recovery; and
* Understand the specific attributes on which Detroit needs to improve to better provide for businesses operating in the Detroit Metro-Area.
Jobs for the Future;
How many people work in green infrastructure? What are the jobs? What level of compensation do they offer? What are the educational requirements? How much potential is there for job creation as green infrastructure investments increase? How is the green infrastructure workforce within the six U.S. cities examined for this report similar to—or different than—that in the nation as a whole?
This issue brief attempts to answer these and other questions about current and emerging workforce trends related to the rise in green infrastructure activities. It summarizes the results of research conducted by Jobs for the Future (JFF) as part of NatureWORKS, a national initiative to understand the jobs, careers, skills, credentials, and potential of the U.S. green infrastructure workforce. The study was funded by the U.S. Forest Service's National Urban and Community Forestry Grant Program as recommended by the National Urban and Community Forestry Advisory Council, NUCFAC.
The research focused on occupations involved in the direct installation, maintenance, and inspection (IMI) of the green infrastructure (GI) and their first-line supervisors. This report describes the GI-IMI involvement of occupations whose work includes green infrastructure activities. It also discusses the emerging movement to certify green infrastructure workers in the stormwater management field as a way to both raise the quality of GI work and promote green infrastructure implementation, thereby expanding the workforce.
JFM Consulting Group;
Understanding that children cannot thrive if they do not feel safe in the places they live, play and study, in 2012, the Skillman Foundation added a safety strategy. The Foundation's investment in strategies and activities intended to increase safety is part of its overall investment in building pathways to success for Detroit's children. The Foundation also recognizes that movements toward safety were taking place among residents, community development practitioners and other stakeholders prior to 2012. These activities were key and provided the groundwork which informed, as well as worked alongside, the Foundation's investments in safety.
With the goal of documenting the Foundation's safety grantmaking strategies and examining how these strategies are playing out in the target neighborhoods, the Skillman Foundation retained JFM Consulting Group (JFM), a Detroit-based planning, evaluation, and research firm to conduct a review of its safety strategy for the years between 2012 and 2015. As mentioned above, Skillman had not instituted an official safety component until 2012, however safety efforts had taken place prior to this time. This report provides the results of that review after 2012, as well as some context on safety efforts outside of the Foundation's direct investments.
Community Connections is a resident-centered grant program working to strengthen civic engagement and grassroots leadership in six Detroit neighborhoods: Brightmoor, Chadsey Condon, Cody Rouge, North End, Osborn, and Southwest. It awards grants of $500 to $5,000 to local projects that mobilize residents' energies to improve opportunities and conditions for youth. Community Connections was launched by the Skillman Foundation in 2006 as part of the Foundation's Good Neighborhoods initiative, and is operated by Prevention Network, a statewide organization experienced in running resident-focused small grants programs. Since 2012 it has also received major support from the W. K. Kellogg Foundation.
Rooted in the conviction that local groups and leaders are essential if neighborhoods are to create safe environments where children and youth can grow up successfully, the program is guided by a four-fold impact framework. At its heart is a commitment to expand residents' civic engagement. Through its project support and related learning opportunities, Community Connections helps strengthen community leadership in these neighborhoods. Projects offer positive youth development opportunities to children and teens in these neighborhoods. And some projects contribute to systems change by connecting with kids in ways that larger institutional systems currently miss, by helping to create alternatives to those established institutional systems, and by engaging in neighborhood planning, policy advocacy and other efforts to reform those systems.
W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research;
The New Economy Initiative (NEI) is a collaboration of multiple foundations with the purpose of driving economic growth in Southeast Michigan through entrepreneurship and small business development. Responding to the dire economic conditions in the Detroit area, 10 foundations in Michigan stepped forward in 2007 and pledged $100 million to help turn around the loss of jobs and the loss of entrepreneurial spirit in the area. The resources committed by the philanthropic community are unprecedented for such a focused economic development effort, but so are the challenges.
From 2000 to 2010, when employment fell to its lowest, the Detroit metro area lost nearly a quarter of the jobs it had at the beginning of the decade, and the loss of jobs in the city of Detroit was even worse. Since 2010, the employment picture has looked a little brighter, although much more needs to be done, in the words of NEI, "to return Detroit to its position as a global economic leader."
As of November 1st , NEI has supported, through its own grant-making and partnerships with other resources, more than 1,600 companies in the greater Detroit area, giving out 215 grants totaling more than $93 million.1 The impact of this investment is far-reaching for the region. NEI contracted with the Upjohn Institute for Employment Research to estimate the impact of its investment on the greater Detroit regional economy. The purpose of this analysis is to estimate the number of jobs created—both directly by the organizations supported by NEI and indirectly by the impact those jobs have in creating additional jobs across the region.
The New Economy Initiative (NEI) was created in 2007 as a project of the Community Foundation for Southeast Michigan, with the mission to "accelerate Southeast Michigan to a position of leadership in the new global economy." Twelve national and local foundations have committed $133 million towards this effort. Through 2015, NEI has awarded 259 grants worth $96.2 million to more than a dozen grantee organizations that are primarily focused on fostering entrepreneurship and early stage business in Southeast Michigan. These grantees provide a variety of services to local businesses and the entrepreneurial community, including access to capital, idea competitions, entrepreneurial networking, training programs and identification of best practices, and investments in neighborhoods and buildings that facilitate entrepreneurship.
Overall, Southeast Michigan companies that benefited from NEI support generated $2.9 billion in inflation-adjusted (or "real") output, $1.9 billion in Detroit-area real gross domestic product (GDP), $1.1 billion in real wages and salaries, and $1.1 billion in disposable personal income over the period 2008 to 2015. Assuming these companies grow at average rates over the next five years, the economic impact between 2015 and 2020 would be another $1.5 billion in output, $1.0 billion in real GDP, $0.7 billion in wages and salaries, and $0.7 billion in disposable personal income.
IFF Science Communication and Higher Education Research, University of Klagenfurt;
This study about access to quality early childhood care and education programs in Detroit identifies neighborhoods where the greatest numbers of young children need better access to providers of early childhood care and education. It also makes recommendations for improving access to quality early childhood care and education services.