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"Building a Better System" is a report about children and access to quality early childhood care and education programs. It identifies the communities where the greatest numbers of young children need better access to providers of early childhood care and education. At the heart of this analysis lies the question, "What communities in the Tri-county region, excluding Detroit, have the greatest need for child care slots?" Key Findings:
Macomb, Oakland, and Out Wayne counties, not including Detroit, have approximately 205,666 children from birth to 5 years old, 63 percent of whom need child care (128,742). Of these children, 68 percent have access to a slot in a licensed or registered child care facility (87,686).
To provide all children a slot in a licensed center or registered home, the region needs approximately 41,056 additional slots. This is the overall service gap.
The large majority, or 62 percent of slots needed (25,323) is concentrated in 13 communities. These highest-need communities exhibit need across all program types including general care, subsidy eligible access, Head Start, Early Head Start, and the Great Start Readiness Program. They are mostly located in Out Wayne County, although two communities of high need are in both Macomb and Oakland counties.
National Voices Project, University of Michigan;
With support and collaboration from the W.K. Kellogg Foundation through the America Healing initiative, researchers at the University of Michigan are leading the National Voices Project (NVP) from 2011-2015. The central goals of the NVP are to examine the sources of racial/ethnic inequity and other disparities for children in the United States today, identify interventions that address disparities effectively, and inform the public dialogue about racial healing and racial equality. The NVP offers a fresh perspective on community-level opportunities for children throughout the country, in the domains of health and nutrition, education, and economic security -- through the eyes of adults whose work and volunteer efforts affect such opportunities. In other words, the NVP reflects the perceptions of individuals throughout the United States who are in a position to improve children's opportunities in the future. The questionnaire for NVP Survey 2 was developed by the National Voices Project team at the University of Michigan, with input from WKKF collaborators. We examined how individuals who work or volunteer with children view opportunities for education, health and healthcare, and economic well-being related to children and adolescents. Many of the questions were identical to questions fielded for NVP Survey 1 in 2011, to facilitate comparisons of responses across these different samples and over time. New questions in NVP Survey 2 centered on respondents' perceptions of segregation and inequities in the communities they know best, and on respondents' awareness about efforts to bridge racial/ethnic inequities in those communities.
Health and Human Services, Wayne County, Department of Public Health;
This White Paper targets a broad audience with the goal of triggering discussion and action to reduce the infant mortality rate in Detroit and Wayne County, Michigan. This document aims to achieve that by showcasing the severity of the problem with statistics, results from a community survey, and a detailed look at factors that cause a high infant mortality rate. Already Broken concludes with recommendations that can serve as a springboard for every level of society, from individuals to lawmakers, to take aggressive steps to improve the infant mortality rate.