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In 2013, the United Nations projected that Africa would be home to over 40 percent of the global youth population by 2030. The challenge of how to successfully absorb these young people into the formal economy became top of mind for governments, policymakers and development practitioners.
Thinking toward this future, The Rockefeller Foundation recognized the potential of Africa's growing information and communications technology (ICT) sector to create new economic opportunities – particularly for its young people. The Foundation created its Digital Jobs Africa (DJA) initiative to help equip youth – specifically those with limited access to opportunities – with the technical and soft skills, and job placement support necessary to transition into a technology-enabled workforce.
Nearly five years into implementation, the Foundation commissioned an independent evaluation of DJA to better understand the extent to which it was realizing its goals and driving impact. Genesis Analytics was engaged to collect data and gather case stories from participating youth in Ghana, Kenya, and South Africa.
Ghana Philanthropy Forum;
Ghana has a vibrant culture of personal giving and charitable contributions, which offers hope for increased domestic resourcing and more effective and sustainable civil society organizations (CSOs) in this time of declining global support. However, the policy and legal frameworks for organized forms of giving/philanthropy in Ghana are lacking. It is difficult to find consistent and regularly-produced information on the nature and extend of organized giving and corporate social responsibility (CSR) engagement to facilitate collaboration and ascertain impact.
In May 2018, the International Center for Non-For-Profit Law supported a research to identify and document current regulatory provisions that influence philanthropy; and to identify and develop specific positive policy reform recommendations.
The rationale for this study was to help improve understanding amongst non-profits, government and other stakeholders on philanthropy in Ghana. It is also aimed at suggesting legal and administrative framework required to strengthen the philanthropy space.
Oxfam estimates that just one of the richest men in Ghana earns from his wealth more in a month than one of the poorest women could earn in 1,000 years. Inequality is slowing down poverty reduction, hampering economic growth and threatening social cohesion. Nearly 300,000 more men, women and children in Ghana could have been lifted out of poverty between 2006 and 2013 had inequality not increased during this period. Inequality is not inevitable and can be addressed. In 2017, servicing public debt cost Ghana more than the annual amount the government would need to pay for free quality healthcare for all Ghanaians and to deliver on its globally agreed health goals by 2030.
In this report, Oxfam calls on the government of Ghana to use public spending to reduce inequality, and put women's economic empowerment at the heart of policy making.
Community-Led Urban Environmental Sanitation (CLUES) is a planning approach piloted in Ghana as a sanitation demand creation and triggering method to increase household investment in toilet facilities. It is implemented by the Government of Ghana in Ashaiman Municipal Assembly with technical support from people's Dialogue on Human Settlements and funding from UNICEF-Ghana. This paper provides results from the implementation process. Within a year of actual implementation, over 800 households inAshaiman's largely informal settlements expressed interest in sanitation investment with over 300 already with complete functional toilets.
This report synthesizes the key outcomes from the Ghana Data Strategy and Capacity Building Workshop, which was held in Accra on the 29th of November, 2017. The workshop was developed based on input provided by the cross-section of Ghanaian foundations, support organizations, and civil society more broadly that participated in an earlier "Data Scoping Meeting" held on the 4th of October, 2017.
During the Data Scoping Meeting, participants worked together to:
- Understand the value and opportunities for advancing the philanthropy data agenda in Ghana- Establish common principles for collaborative data and knowledge management- Identify key data and knowledge challenges as well as needs- Explore existing technologies for collecting and sharing data and knowledge- Set local data and knowledge goals and priorities. The Data Strategy and Capacity Building workshop focused on how to move forward on each of these priorities.
SDG Philanthropy Platform;
Philanthropic giving by diverse individuals, social and communal groups, and formal institutions, forms the bedrock of Ghanaian culture, whilst providing for the most basic social and economic needs of many of its people. In fact, giving for a wide range of reasons is considered to be so intrinsic to Africans, including Ghanaians, that "at any one given time, one is either a philanthropist or a recipient of one kind or another of benevolence." However, there have been few studies that have systematically analysed the potential of philanthropy to contribute to development aspirations at the national level.
More than 600 development organizations publish to the International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) Standard. IATI provides up-to-date and reliable aid data to improve accountability, coordination and effectiveness. Aid flow traceability throughout the implementation chain is a key part of this.
This research report shows that, using 2013-2015 IATI data, it is only possible to verify that 7% of US aid to Ghana ($28m) arrived in the country. It concludes that this traceability gap stems from limited IATI reporting by the international NGOs and firms that implemented most aid activities. To enhance traceability, the US government should require its implementers to publish to IATI.
Awareness of the value of data in achieving important social and development goals has been increasing in Ghana in recent years. In 2011, Ghana signed the Open Government Partnership (OGP), a multilateral initiative with aims to secure commitments from governments to promote transparency, fight corruption and harness data and new technology to strengthen governance. The government also created the National Information and Technology Agency (NITA) in 2011 to develop and manage an open government data portal as part of a movement to make government data more available. Over the last few years, NITA has been working towards setting up repositories and portals of government data.
Because existing data initiatives are largely driven by the government, they usually do not take into account data from or about civil society actors. In particular, Ghana lacks a dedicated platform and framework for collecting, sharing, and analyzing data on philanthropy. With this in mind and to address this issue, Foundation Center, in collaboration with SDG Philanthropy Platform and African Philanthropy Network, co-convened a data scoping meeting on October 4, 2017 in Accra. The specific objectives of the data scoping meeting were to:
1. Understand the value and opportunities for advancing the philanthropy data agenda in Ghana.
2. Establish common principles for collaborative data and knowledge management.
3. Identify key data and knowledge challenges and needs.
4. Explore existing technologies for collecting and sharing data and knowledge.
5. Set local data and knowledge goals and priorities.
This report summarizes the outcomes of the data scoping meeting, including highlights from the discussions and key recommendations.
Institute of Development Studies (IDS);
A rapid review of the literature has found a selection of innovative WASH options available for situations of severe population overcrowding and limited spaces. Case study information was collated from African, Middle Eastern, South Asian and Caribbean countries. As requested, a number of experts were consulted for their opinion where there was a lack of project evaluations or grey literature.
American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, The;
Lack of adequate sanitation results in fecal contamination of the environment and poses a risk of disease transmission via multiple exposure pathways. To better understand how eight different sources contribute to overall exposure to fecal contamination, we quantified exposure through multiple pathways for children under 5 years old in four high-density, low-income, urban neighborhoods in Accra, Ghana. We collected more than 500 hours of structured observation of behaviors of 156 children, 800 household surveys, and 1,855 environmental samples. Data were analyzed using Bayesian models, estimating the environmental and behavioral factors associated with exposure to fecal contamination. These estimates were applied in exposure models simulating sequences of behaviors and transfers of fecal indicators. This approach allows us to identify the contribution of any sources of fecal contamination in the environment to child exposure and use dynamic fecal microbe transfer networks to track fecal indicators from the environment to oral ingestion. The contributions of different sources to exposure were categorized into four types (high/low by dose and frequency), as a basis for ranking pathways by the potential to reduce exposure. Although we observed variation in estimated exposure (108–1016 CFU/day for Escherichia coli) between different age groups and neighborhoods, the greatest contribution was consistently from food (contributing > 99.9% to total exposure). Hands played a pivotal role in fecal microbe transfer, linking environmental sources to oral ingestion. The fecal microbe transfer network constructed here provides a systematic approach to study the complex interaction between contaminated environment and human behavior on exposure to fecal contamination.
Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP);
This Topic Brief presents a study of the wider market barriers and opportunities facing small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in sanitation in Ghana.
Conducted by i-San, the study aimed to understand the impact of these factors on the ability of businesses to reach low-income urban communities with appropriate products and services.
Major barriers to entry for sanitation start-ups in Ghana are the lack of start-up capital; lack of access to affordable banking services (particularly the cost of borrowing); inadequate public infrastructure; and the high cost of creating partnerships with the public sector.
Ghana's challenging micro-economic climate is the primary barrier impacting the viability of sanitation SMEs. This includes high interest rates; limited access to operational finance; currency depreciation; and high cost of utility.
The study identified several opportunities to support sanitation SMEs in Ghana, including innovative finance; training and business development support; reinforcement of representative associations; and reinforcing the policy and regulatory environment.
Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP);
The Urban Sanitation Research Initiative aims to make a substantive contribution to achieving universal urban sanitation coverage in low-income contexts. This will be achieved through a) direct research-into policy impacts in focus countries, b) contribution to research capacity development in focus countries, and c) contribution to global understanding of how to achieve universal urban sanitation.
The research will contribute to the evidence base available to in-country actors including national and city governments, and to major international donors and financing institutions. Research will reflect WSUP's core philosophy that at-scale improvement in urban WASH essentially requires two things: market thinking, including the development of dynamic small businesses in the WASH service delivery sector, and institutional change, including substantially increased government investment in WASH services for low-income communities.