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CLTS Knowledge Hub;
La CLTS Knowledge Hub, basée à l'Institute of Development Studies, a organisé un atelier régional à Arusha en Tanzanie, du 16 au 20 avril 2018 avec l'aide de la SNV Tanzanie. L'événement a réuni les personnes impliquées dans la programmation de l'EAH en milieu rural dans huit pays de la région (Burundi, Érythrée, Éthiopie, Kenya, Malawi, Ouganda, Tanzanie et Zambie) aux côtés d'experts travaillant aux niveaux régional et mondial. Durant les cinq jours de l'atelier, les participants ont échangé leurs expériences, les innovations, les problèmes rencontrés et les acquis et ils ont recensé les manques de connaissances dans le but d'améliorer les capacités et l'apprentissage futur et d'arriver à un consensus sur la façon d'aller de l'avant. Par ailleurs, la SNV Tanzanie a facilité une visite d'étude dans ses zones du projet Assainissement durable et Hygiène pour Tous (SSH4A) dans les districts de Babati et Karatu.
Cette note d'apprentissage présente les problèmes les plus communs et les obstacles à la réalisation de l'Objectif de développement durable (ODD) 6.2 que les participants à l'atelier ont identifiés dans toute la région. Elle résume les discussions qui se sont tenues toute la semaine, met en avant les pratiques prometteuses et considère des actions prioritaires pour aller de l'avant.
The 'Citizen Participation in Adaptation to Climate Change' (CPACC) project aimed to build the resilience of farming households to climate shocks, through promoting conservation farming techniques and livelihood diversification, and through supporting disaster-planning activities and early-warning systems at the community level. This Effectiveness Review used a quasi-experimental approach to assess the impact of the project among households whose members directly participated in the project activities, in one of the three districts where the project was carried out. The results provide evidence that the project had a positive effect on the resilience of participant households, particularly through the community-level disaster preparedness activities. There is also evidence that the project had a positive impact on the adoption of conservation farming techniques, on the area of land cultivated, and on yields. However, the project does not appear to have had the positive effects it sought on engagement in non-agricultural income-generating activities, nor on participation in savings groups. There is no indication that the project had had a positive impact on households' overall material welfare by the time of the survey. This report is part of Oxfam's Effectiveness Review Series.
CLTS Knowledge Hub;
The CLTS Knowledge Hub, based at the Institute of Development Studies, convened a regional workshop in Arusha, Tanzania, 16-20 April 2018 with support from SNV Tanzania. The event brought together those engaged in rural WASH programming from eight countries across the region (Burundi, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia) alongside experts working at regional and global levels. Over the course of five days participants shared experiences, innovations, challenges and learning, and mapped gaps in knowledge with the aim of improving capacity and future learning, and building consensus on the way forward. SNV Tanzania also facilitated a field visit to its Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All (SSH4A) project areas in Babati and Karatu districts.
This learning brief presents the common challenges and barriers to achieving Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6.2 that the workshop participants identified across the region. It summarises discussions held across the week, highlights promising practices and considers priority actions moving forward.
Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP);
This Topic Brief presents assessments of the financial performance of six WSUP-supported WASH service delivery models in Bangladesh, Madagascar, Mozambique and Zambia. Each model has been developed in partnership with locally mandated service providers to facilitate sustainable, at-scale improvements to low-income urban populations.
This publication is a reflection on approaches that stimulate responsiveness in citizens and communities - based in their strengths - and enable more confident expressions of their civic voice and agency. This is done through the lens of the Australia Africa Community Engagement Scheme (AACES), a community-led water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) initiative implemented in South Africa and Zambia by Oxfam Australia and Oxfam Great Britain, respectively.
This report is the second volume in a series of publications focussed on identifying principles and practices for effectively facilitating the active civic engagement of communities and civil society organisations. The first volume, Facilitating Civic Engagement through Consultation: Learning from local communities through the NHI-Accountability Project in South Africa, published by Oxfam Australia in February 2016, draws directly on the experience of the organisations and communities that participated in health policy reform in South Africa.
This study seeks to build an evidence base on common environmental, attitudinal, and institutional barriers to accessing WASH faced by vulnerable individuals. Specific to Zambia, this report assesses the early impacts of the intervention and to test and refine baseline data-collection tools fot the project evaluation in 2016.
This evaluation is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2013/14, selected for review under the citizen voice thematic area. This report documents the findings of a qualitative impact evaluation, carried out in February 2014. The evaluation used process tracing to assess the effectiveness of the 'Vote Health for All' project in Zambia.
The evaluation assessed whether the project effectively contributed to increasing budgetary allocations to health, to at least 15% of country national budget, in line with the Abuja Declaration; as well as the abolition of user fees in all public urban health facilities. Oxfam and partners formed the 'Vote Health for All' campaign in the lead up to the 2011 parliamentary and presidential elections in Zambia, as a key moment to press for improved access to health care for all Zambians. Campaign activities were implemented at constituency and national level, mobilising community members to engage with the democratic process and express their views on health provision in the country.
Read more about the Oxfam Effectiveness Reviews.
Agricultural relations between India and Africa go back for well over forty years. As a lack of natural food resources and continuous damage caused by climate change has diminished India's food security, the Government of India has decided to privately invest in Africa's agricultural and entrepreneurship resources, particularly in Zambia. This report provides an example of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and outlines India's outflow and inflow of investment revenue from the 1990's until the present.
It reviews where, in terms of investment, the agricultural sector in India finds itself. Following a field visit by Oxfam India to Zambia, this paper shows this African country to be an ideal area for farming and lists multiple Indian stakeholders in Zambia's agricultural sector. After several India-Africa Summits agreed that it was necessary for investment in agricultural developments to work towards eradicating poverty and improving people's livelihood, this paper provides proof of the opportunities which cooperation in this sector can deliver to improve global food security.
Building Young Women's Leadership through Sport (BYWLTS) was a three-year programme with the objective of increasing the leadership of adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in formal and informal decision making processes. Women Win worked closely with eight partner organisations in seven countries to deliver quality sport and life skills programmes to over 65,000 AGYW. In addition, AGYW were provided with opportunities to practise leadership through a mentorship programme and by learning how to create their stories through Digital Storytelling.
A Collective Impact framework was developed and extensive monitoring and evaluation conducted throughout to understand the impact that the BYWLTS programme had on partner organisations, AGYW and their communities. In addition, external evaluation consultants conducted additional quantitative analysis to validate results and test statistical significance.
Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa (OSISA);
The financial exclusion of women is a global problem with 'more than 1.3 billion women in the world operating outside the formal financial system' (Demirguc-Kunt, Klapper & Singer, 2013: 2). This situation is mirrored in Africa where more than 70 percent of women are financially excluded and where women's access to finance and financial services is consistently behind that of their male counterparts (MFW4A, GIZ & New Faces New Voices, 2012). Accelerating women's financial inclusion thus requires bold and sustained action to advance women's economic opportunities and rights and to ensure that they can meaningfully participate in the economy without undue constraints and barriers that limit their progress.
This paper examines the persistent challenges women face in accessing finance and financial services, why gender-specific barriers exist and what they are, factors that will contribute to removing these barriers and why women require more innovative support from the financial sector to transcend these barriers and harness their full economic potential.
World Resources Institute (WRI);
At the 18th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the parties agreed to a standard format for developed countries to follow when reporting on the climate finance they provide to developing countries.
Developed countries will use these formats for the first time when they submit their Biennial Reports to the UNFCCC in early 2014. Later in 2014, developing countries are expected to submit Biennial Update Reports showing the financial support that they have received. From initial attempts to measure and report climate finance by developed and developing countries, it is already apparent that information on finance provided is unlikely to match information on finance received.
Aside from the reporting requirements of the UNFCCC, better financial data can help decision makers in developing countries identify gaps, improve coordination and management, and raise funds to mitigate and adapt to climate change. Better climate finance information can also enable countries to draw lessons from the use of different financial instruments and develop strategies and policies that aim to expand finance for climate change. Improved data will allow the information reported by developed countries to be cross-checked, thus promoting transparency, completeness, and accuracy. Finally, it can contribute to a more comprehensive picture of climate financial flows in relation to development assistance at the national and international levels.
This working paper reports on three workshops in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, in which participants discussed some of the steps that developing countries and their international partners can take toward monitoring and tracking climate finance more effectively. More than 40 representatives from 20 developing countries, regional development banks, and national organizations attended the three workshops. Participants shared information on the limits of existing legislation and mandates, national planning and approval processes, financial management systems, efforts to coordinate among ministries and development partners, and many other unique challenges faced by the participating countries. WRI obtained additional information via a questionnaire, follow-up correspondence, and interviews with representatives of the countries.
Trends in developing countries over the last two decades show that the involvement of small and very small enterprises makes a constructive contribution to building economies, especially during periods of economic recovery (Government of South Africa, Detea et al. 2012a). Small, Medium and Micro Enterprises (SMMEs) play a vital role in encouraging job creation and their successes are influenced greatly by their ability to enter the value chains of larger organisations, in both the private and public sectors.