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Oxfam supports informed private sector involvement in humanitarian assistance where it contributes positively to the efforts of the humanitarian community, i.e. where it provides aid that helps to save lives, alleviate suffering, and promote human dignity, as well as the engagement of new actors in post-emergency recovery and reconstruction activities. The private sector can add to humanitarian capacity through the skills and competencies it brings, particularly in logistics and information and communications technology. Humanitarian agencies can gain important insights from the private sector's emphasis on results and value-for-money, while remembering that the results that count are the impact on people in need, not just the measurement of outputs. The private sector may provide new practices and perspectives to the humanitarian aid community that contribute to improvements in the effectiveness of assistance. Domestic companies in the country affected by an emergency often bring important local knowledge that can improve humanitarian responses.
Napa Valley Community Foundation;
One year ago today, we were deeply shaken by a powerful earthquake. Hundreds of homes and businesses were damaged in the largest seismic event the Bay Area has seen since the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, mostly in and around the City of Napa. More than 250 people were injured; almost 20 were admitted to the hospital; and one person regrettably lost her life as a result of the 6.0 temblor.
In the following pages, you can read about what's been accomplished so far, and how we've spent the monies entrusted to us. You can also learn about our plans for a final phase of grants, covering two broad categories: funding to help qualified homeowners make earthquake-related repairs if their dwellings remain unsafe; and funding to make the community at large more resilient in the event of a future disaster.
Finally, we have included a brief reflection on what worked well, and what could be better next time. In this area especially, we welcome your comments, ideas and constructive feedback.
American Red Cross;
Aerial drones are one of the most promising and powerful new technologies to improve disaster response and relief operations. Drones naturally complement traditional manned relief operations by helping to ensure that operations can be conducted safer, faster, and more efficiently. When a disaster occurs, drones may be used to provide relief workers with better situational awareness, locate survivors amidst the rubble, perform structural analysis of damaged infrastructure, deliver needed supplies and equipment, evacuate casualties, and help extinguish fires -- among many other potential applications.
This report will discuss how drones and the aerial data they collect can be used before, during, and after a disaster. It includes an overview of potential solutions and deployment models, as well as, recommendations on removing regulatory barriers to their use. The American Red Cross, leading private sector companies, and federal agencies coordinated by Measure, a 32 Advisors Company, have come together to explore and explain how and why drones should be used in the wake of natural disasters and other emergencies that threaten widespread loss of life and property.
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs;
Outlines the challenges of and recommendations for creating an effective interface between humanitarian groups and volunteer and technical communities aggregating, visualizing, and analyzing data on and from affected communities to support relief efforts.
Center for Technology Innovation at Brookings Institute;
With its growing usage, mobile technology is greatly improving disaster relief and public safety efforts. Countries around the world face threats from natural disasters, climate change, civil unrest, terrorist attacks, and criminal activities, among others. Mobile devices, tablets, and smart phones enable emergency providers and the general public to manage these challenges and mitigate public safety concerns.
In this paper, part of the Brookings Mobile Economy Project, we focus on how mobile technology provides an early warning system, aids in emergency coordination, and improves public communications. In particular, we review how mobile devices assist with public safety, disaster planning, and crisis response. We explain how these devices are instrumental in the design and functioning of integrated, multi-layered communications networks. We demonstrate how they have helped save lives and ameliorate human suffering throughout the world.
Oxfam International understands that being accountable to beneficiaries of humanitarian aid requires more than statements. It requires the development of a number of practical mechanisms to ensure transparency and openness, and to ensure that all humanitarian responses are appropriate to those affected in terms of their content, scale, and in the way they are implemented.
In both conflicts and disasters, people anywhere have the right to the humanitarian assistance and protection that they need.When national governments are unable to provide it, or need support, the international community has a responsibility to help, including through funding humanitarian action by disaster-affected governments, local and national NGOs, the UN and others. Despite increased funding, new donors and initiatives the level and nature of funding remains inadequate. Global humanitarian funding must: Increase substantially to at least $25 billion annually by 2015, and be ready to increase further as future needs are likely to grow; Be allocated more fairly according to need; Become more timely, efficient, appropriate and accountable.
Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) is the broad range of humanitarian and development action to reduce the risk posed by natural disasters to individuals and communities. It is humanitarian in that it helps to save lives, and developmental in increasing communities' resilience to hazards and shocks, as a prerequisite for sustainable development and pro-poor economic growth.
Humanitarian aid is most effectively delivered by civilian humanitarian agencies under UN leadership. Military involvement can compromise the effective delivery of aid and lead to unintended consequences, potentially threatening the security of civilian aid workers.
Provides a brief overview of elements of disaster response and preparedness, including fund distribution, donor confidence, preparedness and mitigation, and philanthropic planning; innovative initiatives; and challenges. Lists considerations for donors.
Pew Internet & American Life Project;
Presents survey findings about giving online or by cellphone, as opposed to by phone, mail, or in person, to relief efforts after the earthquake and tsunami in Japan. Compares data with giving after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and by age and education.
New York Regional Association of Grantmakers;
Lists nonprofits involved in Gulf Coast relief and recovery that have received grants from NYRAG members, with descriptions, previous funders, funding date, and contact information. Includes key indicators of recovery two years after Hurricane Katrina.