Food system planning is the integration of food system issues into policies, plans, and programming at all levels of government. It has recently become a recognized expertise within the planning profession. This MIT brochure provides local government with the tools and resources to conduct local food system planning. Five common activities to food system planning include: a) inform decision-making by compiling data; b) encourage sustainable food production through plans, policies, and programming; c) improve healthy food access through zoning, education, and incentives for retail operators; d) support a local or regional food economy; and e) reduce or reuse food waste. Innovative examples of municipalities from Greater Philadelphia and throughout the country are identified.